List of Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines (2023)

In the Philippines, nothing is as certain as the arrival of a typhoon. It’s not a matter of if but when. After all, at least 20 typhoons visit the country every year.[1]

These typhoons cause damage that cost billions of pesos, claim thousands of lives, and leave a permanent imprint on the minds of the survivors. Using data, we can see which typhoons caused the most destruction.

Here are the top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines.

The Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines

The storms on this list are qualified and ranked in terms of destructiveness or the cost of damage.[2]

1. Typhoon Yolanda (International Name: Haiyan)

  • Year: 2013
  • Wind speed: 315 km/h
  • Rainfall: 281.9 mm
  • Death toll: 6,300
  • Damage: ₱95.5 billion

With a death toll of around 6,300 people and damage worth ₱95.5 billion pesos, Typhoon Yolanda claims the first spot on this list of the top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines.

No one can ever forget this 2013 disaster—the aerial images of towns leveled to the ground are forever burned into Filipinos’ minds. Pictures of the storm surges’ effects may remind you of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.

Storm surges devastated many places such as Tacloban City. Waves measuring up to 19 feet destroyed buildings, knocked over trees, and carried cars away. A lot of people were caught off guard, resulting in injuries and fatalities. Rescue operations were delayed since towns and villages were completely cut off. Affected areas went without power for weeks.

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) decided to retire the name Yolanda due to its extensive damage and high death toll. The same goes for the name Haiyan.

(Video) Top 10 Strongest Typhoons to Hit the Philippines

2. Typhoon Odette (International Name: Rai)

List of Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines (1)

  • Year: 2021
  • Wind speed: 280 km/h
  • Rainfall: 272.1 mm
  • Death toll: 409
  • Damage: ₱51.8 billion

In December 2021, Typhoon Odette ravaged the Philippines, particularly the provinces of Visayas and Mindanao. The typhoon severely affected more than nine million people.[3] Two of the worst-hit areas were Bohol and Surigao City. A haunting image of this storm’s aftermath shows knocked-down coconut trees and the wrecked Cloud 9 boardwalk in Siargao. Meanwhile, rivers overflowed in Cagayan de Oro, causing floods across the city.

Typhoon Odette was the strongest storm to hit the Mindanao region in 10 years. Because of the typhoon’s massive devastation, the name Odette was also removed from PAGASA’s rotation of cyclone names.

3. Typhoon Pablo (International Name: Bopha)

  • Year: 2012
  • Wind speed: 280 km/h
  • Rainfall: 240 mm
  • Death toll: 1,901
  • Damage: ₱43.2 billion

Known internationally as Typhoon Bopha, Typhoon Pablo was once considered the strongest tropical cyclone to ever hit Mindanao. This 2012 typhoon made landfall in three separate locations: Northern Mindanao, Central Visayas, and Palawan.

Typhoon Pablo caused landslides and power outages when it hit the central and southern regions of Mindanao. The disaster claimed more than 1,900 lives, affected around six million people, and damaged over 200,000 houses. All these made the cyclone one of the top 10 deadliest typhoons in the Philippines.

Due to its destruction and death toll, the PAGASA decommissioned the name. Likewise, the name Bopbha was retired by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)/World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Typhoon Committee.

4. Typhoon Glenda (International Name: Rammasun)

  • Year: 2014
  • Wind speed: 260 km/h
  • Rainfall: 200 mm
  • Death toll: 225
  • Damage: ₱38.6 billion

Coming in at the fourth spot of the top 10 deadliest typhoons in the Philippines, Glenda ravaged the country, particularly Luzon and some parts of Visayas, in 2014. With a wind speed of 260 km/h and a rainfall volume of 200 mm, this typhoon claimed lives and caused damage amounting to over ₱38 billion.

Before its onslaught, Typhoon Glenda was expected to bring storm surges of up to nine feet. In Metro Manila, at least 90% of total residents experienced power outages due to downed lines and poles. Residents in the slum areas were also severely affected.

Because the typhoon’s damage exceeded ₱1 billion, PAGASA retired the name Glenda.

5. Typhoon Ompong (International Name: Mangkhut)

  • Year: 2018
  • Wind speed: 285 km/h
  • Rainfall: 300 mm
  • Death toll: 134
  • Damage: ₱33.9 billion

In 2018, Typhoon Ompong barrelled through the northern part of the Philippines. It brought flash floods, landslides, and storm surges. It displaced more than 270,000 people in Regions I, II, III, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR).[3] As it traversed the Luzon mountains, Typhoon Ompong weakened until it landed on the West Philippine Sea. Outside the country, the typhoon affected Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and mainland China.


Just like with other deadliest typhoons in the Philippines, Ompong’s name was retired by the PAGASA. The name Obet replaced Ompong for the 2022 season since typhoon names are used in rotation every four years.

6. Typhoon Pepeng (International Name: Parma)

List of Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines (2)

  • Year: 2009
  • Wind speed: 250 km/h
  • Rainfall: 700 mm
  • Death toll: 465
  • Damage: ₱27.3 billion

The year 2009 was an unforgettable period for many Filipinos in Luzon. It was the year Typhoon Ondoy caused massive flooding in many locationssuch as Metro Manila. But merely a few days after this disaster, another typhoon named Pepeng wreaked havoc in the country.

Pepeng furthered the damage left by Ondoy and affected thousands of families in the northern part of Luzon, particularly in Pangasinan. It even interacted with an incoming typhoon named Quedan (internationally known as Melor). A few days after, the weakened storm made its way back to Luzon, hitting the provinces of Ilocos Norte and Cagayan.

With a death toll of 465 people and damage worth ₱27.3 billion, Pepeng is one of the top 10 deadliest typhoons in the Philippines. With such a grim reputation, PAGASA retired the name Pepeng.

7. Typhoon Ulysses (International Name: Vamco)

  • Year: 2020
  • Wind speed: 215 km/h
  • Rainfall: Between 228.6 mm and 304.8 mm
  • Death toll: 102
  • Damage: ₱20.2 billion

A deadly storm in the midst of a deadly global pandemic? Yes, it happened in 2020–enter Typhoon Ulysses. Aside from strong wind gusts, Ulysses brought heavy rains, even causing the worst flooding in Metro Manila since Typhoon Ondoy in 2009. Water rose quickly even in areas not considered flood-prone.

Typhoon Ulysses also caused dams in Luzon to reach their spilling points. To avoid dam failure, authorities released water from the dam, which led to widespread floods in various provinces.

With the typhoon’s extensive damage and death toll, PAGASA decommissioned the name Ulysses. Internationally, the name Vamco was also removed from the list of typhoon names.

Read more: A Natural Disaster Will Happen Sooner or Later–How Prepared are You?

8. Typhoon Rolly (International Name: Goni)

  • Year: 2020
  • Wind speed: 315 km/h
  • Rainfall: Between 230 mm and 300 mm
  • Death toll: 32
  • Damage: ₱20 billion

Another typhoon that appeared during the pandemic in 2020, Rolly started out as a tropical depression in the southern part of Guam. However, it developed into a super typhoon as it entered the Philippines. It brought sustained winds of 315 km/h, making it one of the top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines. Bicol was badly hit with flash floods and power outages.

(Video) Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines

Typhoon Rolly caused 32 fatalities and left more than ₱20 billion worth of damage. With that, PAGASA decided to retire the name. For 2024, PAGASA picked Romina as a name replacement.

9. Typhoon Pedring (International Name: Nesat)

List of Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines (3)

  • Year: 2011
  • Wind speed: 215 km/h
  • Rainfall: More than 350 mm
  • Death toll: 98
  • Damage: ₱15.6 billion

Typhoon Pedring, which came exactly two years after Typhoon Ondoy made its landfall in the country, is considered one of the top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines.

Luzon was mainly affected, with visible devastations in Metro Manila, Albay, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Pangasinan, Catanduanes, Batangas, Cavite, and Pampanga, among others. Typhoon Pedring also caused flash floods and produced strong winds that destroyed structures and cut power.

Typhoon Pedring was one of the twin typhoons that barrelled through the Philippines within one week in September 2011. The second one was Typhoon Quiel, which left 18 fatalities.

Due to damages amounting to more than ₱10 billion, the typhoon’s name was decommissioned by PAGASA. For the 2015 season, the weather bureau chose the name Perla as a replacement.

10. Typhoon Lando (International Name: Koppu)

  • Year: 2015
  • Wind speed: 240 km/h
  • Rainfall: More than 300 mm
  • Death toll: 62
  • Damage: ₱14.4 billion

In 2015, Typhoon Lando ravaged the country, particularly Luzon. The storm caused extensive damage in coastal areas, displaced more than 100,000 people, and killed 62 individuals. Aurora was severely hit, making the towns Dilasag and Dinalungan inaccessible. At least nine provinces experienced power outages. Other than strong winds, heavy rains affected the country, with high concentrations along western coastal areas.

The name Lando was removed from the list of typhoon names used in rotation due to its reputation as one of the worst typhoons in the Philippines.

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(Video) Top 10 Worst Typhoons Hit The Philippines [As of December 19, 2021]@WeatherTV

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How are the Typhoons Categorized in the Philippines?

List of Top 10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines (5)

The top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines are technically cyclones. However, cyclones come in various forms and sizes. As such, they are classified based on their strength and maximum sustained winds.

As of March 2022, the PAGASA follows this classification system:

  • Tropical depression (TD) – This is a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 62 km/h.
  • Tropical storm (TS) – Cyclones under this category have maximum sustained winds of 62 to 88 km/h.
  • Severe tropical storm (STS) – This is a tropical cyclone with maximum wind speeds of 87 to 117 km/h.
  • Typhoon (TY) – A meteorological event is considered a typhoon when its wind speed reaches 118 to 184 km/h.
  • Super typhoon (ST) – If a typhoon’s maximum wind speed exceeds 185 km/h, it is considered a super typhoon.

Using this classification, you can easily conclude that the deadliest typhoons in the Philippines listed above are indeed super typhoons.

Read more: Be Alert, Be Safe: What the NDRRMC Rainfall Warnings Mean

Final Thoughts

These top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines were unstoppable forces of nature that damaged properties and claimed lives. As such, it’s important to prepare yourself as much as possible. Don’t forget to prepare your DIY rainy season kits. Keep safety tips when driving during the rainy season in mind. And heed the authorities’ calls for evacuation when the need arises.

You should also extend typhoon preparedness to your car. First things first—get> a car insurance policy. If you’re looking for car insurance or considering switching to a new provider, use the Moneymax comparison platform to find the insurer that suits your lifestyle and budget. Click the Car Insurance tab above to get started.


(Video) Top 5 Strongest Typhoons That Hit Philippines


What is the most powerful typhoon that hit the Philippines? ›

1. Typhoon Yolanda (International Name: Haiyan) With a death toll of around 6,300 people and damage worth ₱95.5 billion pesos, Typhoon Yolanda claims the first spot on this list of the top 10 strongest typhoons in the Philippines.

What is the most destructive typhoon in the Philippines 2022? ›

Storms stronger than Tropical Storm Nalgae have lashed the Philippines in 2022, but the extreme rainfall unleashed by Nalgae in late October 2022 spurred landslides and flooding, making it among the season's deadliest and most destructive storms to hit the island nation.

What was the deadliest typhoon that struck the Philippines? ›

Typhoon Haiyan, known locally as "Yolanda", struck the Philippines on November 8, 2013, in what was reportedly the country's worst-ever natural disaster. More than 8,000 people lost their lives and over 14 million inhabitants, including 5.9 million workers, were affected in some way by the storm.

Who is the strongest typhoon in history? ›

Typhoon Haiyan was the most powerful tropical cyclone ever to hit land and perhaps the most powerful in recorded history. But what lessons can scientists draw from an awesome storm with winds of just over 300 kilometers an hour?

What was the strongest typhoon ever hit the earth specific only in the Phils? ›

– Super Typhoon Haiyan (2013), 195 mph winds, 895 mb pressure. Made landfall in the Philippines with 190 mph winds, killing over 6,000 people. – Super Typhoon Meranti (2016), 195 mph winds, 890 mb pressure.

What are the 5 strongest typhoon in the Philippines? ›

10 Strongest Typhoons in the Philippines
  • 1 . Typhoon Haiyan or Yolanda. ...
  • Typhoon Rai or Odette. ...
  • Typhoon Bopha or Pablo. ...
  • Typhoon Rammasun or Glenda. ...
  • Typhoon Mangkhut or Ompong. ...
  • Typhoon Parma or Pepeng. ...
  • Typhoon Vamco or Ulysses. ...
  • Typhoon Goni or Rolly.
Oct 16, 2022

What is in the top 4 most deadliest disaster in the Philippines? ›

11881 Haiphong typhoon20,000
2Haiyan/Yolanda 20136,241
4Bopha/Pablo 20121,901
5Angela Typhoon, 18671,800
6 more rows

How many super typhoons hit the Philippines in a year? ›

With the average of 20 TCs in this region per year, with about 8 or 9 of them crossing the Philippines. The peak of the typhoon season is July through October, when nearly 70% of al typhoon develop.

What was the strongest typhoon to hit land? ›

The strongest tropical cyclone recorded worldwide, as measured by minimum central pressure, was Typhoon Tip, which reached a pressure of 870 hPa (25.69 inHg) on October 12, 1979.

Which country is most hit by typhoon? ›

Countries with the highest tropical cyclone risk 2022

According to a risk index which considered the number of people exposed to this type of event per year, Japan ranked first, with a score of 10, followed by the Philippines, which received a score of 9.5.

What is the strongest earthquake recorded in the Philippines? ›

Of these, the strongest was recorded on 19 March, 1931. This earthquake reportedly had an intensity of VII - IX. Prior to the 17 August earthquake, two tremors were recorded on the eleventh and the thirteenth of August 1983.

What is the strongest typhoon in the Philippines 21st century? ›

In modern meteorological records, the deadliest storm was Typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan), which became the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone on record at that time as it crossed the Visayas in central Philippines on November 7–8, 2013.

What is the name of deadliest typhoon? ›

Template:Deadliest typhoons
2July 1780 Typhoon1780
3July 1862 Typhoon1862
7 more rows

What is the rarest typhoon? ›

However, a storm called Typhoon Vamei violated that edict in December 2001, arising just 150 kilometers north of the equator in the South China Sea, near Singapore. A new analysis of the strange atmospheric behavior that spawned the typhoon shows that such a storm may occur just once every few centuries.

How strong is signal number 5 typhoon? ›

Tropical Cyclone Wind Signal #5

Severe to catasrophic damage is expected to houses of poor or average construction, makeshift or old, dilapidated structures, and other structures made of light materials. Well-constructed houses may suffer substatial roof and wall failure or damage.

What is the unforgettable disaster on Philippines? ›

The most catastrophic typhoon in recent history was Typhoon Yolanda or Haiyan in 2013, causing over 95 billion Philippine pesos in damages. In addition, about seven thousand people were reported dead, and nearly 30 thousand went missing.

Which province in the Philippines is the safest place from disasters? ›

Luckily Palawan, voted the most beautiful island in the world, is also the safest place in the Philippines from natural disasters. This island chain, which includes El Nido and Coron, is located in Western Philippines, away from volcanic activity and the high-risk tropical storm areas.

What are the 5 largest earthquake history in the Philippines? ›

Six of the seven largest Philippine earthquakes since 1901 with magnitude almost 8.0 Mw or higher were in Mindanao: 1913,1918, 1924, 1943, 1972, and 1976. These areas are near the Cotabato Trench and the southern portion of the Philippine Trench.

What are the five 5 common disasters in the Philippines? ›

Natural disasters
  • Typhoons. Around 20 typhoons hit the Philippines each year. Most typhoons occur from June to November. ...
  • Earthquakes. The Philippines is in an earthquake zone. ...
  • Volcanoes. There are numerous volcanoes in the Philippines, any of which can erupt without warning.

Why is Philippines always hit by typhoon? ›

The Philippines is prone to tropical cyclones due to its geographical location which generally produce heavy rains and flooding of large areas and also strong winds which result in heavy casualties to human life and destructions to crops and properties.

What was the fastest typhoon ever? ›

The Short Answer: Typhoon Haiyan was one of the largest and strongest typhoons ever recorded. It had winds that reached 195 miles per hour.

What is the strongest typhoon in the world 2022? ›

September 25, 2022 | 2:55 p.m. Super Typhoon Noru, the strongest typhoon to hit the Philippines this year, slammed ashore in Quezon province on Sunday night. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center said Noru's winds strengthened from 85 mph to 155 mph — growing into a super typhoon in just six hours.

What typhoon has the biggest eye? ›

Eyes can range in size from 370 km (230 mi) (Typhoon Carmen) to a mere 3.7 km (2.3 mi) (Hurricane Wilma) across.

Is the Philippines the most storm exposed country on earth? ›

Situated in a vast expanse of warm ocean water on the western rim of the Pacific Ocean, the Philippines is the most exposed country in the world to tropical storms. With more than 7,000 islands, the coastline is vulnerable to storm surges.

Are typhoons worse than hurricanes? ›

Differences in Intensity

Typhoons are generally stronger than hurricanes. This is because of warmer water in the western Pacific which creates better conditions for development of a storm. This unlimited amount of warm water also makes for increased frequency of typhoons.

Has there ever been a 10.0 earthquake? ›

No, earthquakes of magnitude 10 or larger cannot happen. The magnitude of an earthquake is related to the length of the fault on which it occurs. That is, the longer the fault, the larger the earthquake.

What is the largest fault in the Philippines? ›

The 1,200-km-long Philippine fault zone (PFZ) is a major tectonic feature that transects the whole Philippine archipelago from northwestern Luzon to southeastern Mindanao.

When was the last big earthquake in the Philippines? ›

On July 27, 2022, at 8:43:24 a.m. (PHT), an earthquake struck the island of Luzon in the Philippines.

Is Typhoon Yolanda the strongest in the Philippines? ›

On November 8, Yolanda hit the Philippines with winds of 195 mph, and has been described as the strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in recorded history.

How strong is signal number 5? ›

Tropical Cyclone Wind Signal #5

Severe to catasrophic damage is expected to houses of poor or average construction, makeshift or old, dilapidated structures, and other structures made of light materials. Well-constructed houses may suffer substatial roof and wall failure or damage.

What are the 3 strongest typhoon in the Philippines? ›

Most destructive
1Yolanda (Haiyan)₱95.5 billion
2Odette (Rai)₱51.8 billion
3Pablo (Bopha)₱43.2 billion
7 more rows

Is Typhoon Odette stronger than Yolanda? ›

Although Typhoon Odette is not as powerful as Typhoon Yolanda, Typhoon Odette damage is comparable to one of the most destructive storms to hit the Philippines.

What is stronger than a super typhoon? ›

A typhoon with maximum sustained surface winds greather than or equal to 130 knots (approximately Category 5) is called a "super typhoon," and a hurricane of Category 3 and above is called a "major hurricane." A tropical cyclone weaker than Category 1 is not a "typhoon" in the international standard, but may be ...

Which is stronger signal 1 or signal 2? ›

The weather disturbance is expected in 36 hours once Public Storm Warning Signal No. 1 is raised. The weather disturbance is expected in 24 hours once Public Storm Warning Signal No. 2 is raised.

What signal is very strong? ›

-50 dBm: This is considered an excellent signal strength. -60 dBm: This is a good signal strength. -67 dBm: This is a reliable signal strength. This is the minimum for any online services that require a reliable connection and Wi-Fi signal strength.

What is the maximum signal strength? ›

Signal strengths can range from approximately -30 dBm to -110 dBm. The closer that number is to 0, the stronger the cell signal. In general, anything better than -85 decibels is considered a usable signal.


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